Semester: 4 / Spring
Lectures/Classes: 30 / 30 hours
Field of study: Geodesy and Cartography
Study cycle: 1st cycle
Type of course: compulsory
Prerequisites: Math analysis I, II, mathematical statistic, surveying I,II , linear algebra, adjustment theory I
Contact person: dr inż. Grzegorz Jóźków; e-mail:
Short description: The course presents the standard methods of geodetic observation adjustment, based on the method of least squares. Particular adjustment models are adopted to solve specific problems.
Full description: The parametric method, the parametric method with constrains, conditional adjustment and the conditional adjustment with the parameters. The functional model and the stochastic model. Adjustment of levelling networks. Adjustment of horizontal networks. Observations equations and linearization. Error estimation. Error ellipse. Network analysis and design.
Bibliography: Ghilani C. Wolf P, 2010. Adjustment computations. Spatial data analysis. John Wiley & Sons. Borre K. Mathematical Foundation of Geodesy. Springer Berlin Ghilani C. Wolf P, 2012. Elementary surveying. An introduction to geomatics. Pearson Education Strang G. Borre K. 1998. Linear algebra, geodesy, and GPS. Wellesey-Cambridge Press
Learning outcomes: Knowledge Student gains theoretic knowledge and the practical skills to elaborate sets of surveying data. Particularly student gains knowledge of the law of error propagation and its practical use in miscellaneous geodetic tasks. Student knows the elementary linear estimation models: the parametric method, the parametric method with constrains, conditional adjustment and the generalized model, and he can use these models for the level and horizontal networks elaboration. Skills Graduate of the subject allows to use different methods for self-elaboration of the levelling and horizontal geodetic networks, and other computation tasks with the estimation of parameters Social competences Student is aware of the need to choose the optimal methods to solve the problem, and is able to think and act in an effective manner.
Assessment methods and assessment criteria: obligatory passing grades of practical course and oral exam – the minimum level of mastering the material -60%.

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