FODDER HYGIENE

Course ID: MWW-SE>FODDERHYG
Course title: FODDER HYGIENE
Semester: 7 / Winter
ECTS: 2
Lectures/Classes: 15 / 15 hours
Field of study: Veterinary Medicine
Study cycle: 1st cycle
Type of course: compulsory
Prerequisites: None.
Contact person: dr hab. Piotr Sławuta piotr.slawuta@upwr.edu.pl
Short description: The course in Animal Feed Hygiene deals with the most common “feeding” reasons for diseases of farm and wild animals. In the course the natural noxious factors present in animal feeds are discussed – bacteria, viruses, fungi and their metabolites, as well as feeding mistakes constituting etiological factor of animal diseases – excess and deficiency of nutrients, feed incompatible with animal species, sex, age amd physiological condition. The students also study Polish and European Union legally binding regulations about animal nutrition and methods of evaluation of fodder healthful properties.
Full description: 1) Feed hygiene in farm and domestic animals as a health factor in humans and animals. Fodder materials as entry pathways for pathogens to the digestive tract, the concept „ from field to table”. 2) Application of genetically modified plants (GMO) in production of feeds and nutrition of farm animals. Transgenic plants: transgenesis of 1st, 2nd and 3rd generation . Procedures and legal regulations allowing evaluation of risk of using feeds containing genetically modified material in Poland, other countries in the European Union and the world. 3) Mycotoxins in animal feeds. Mould fungi metabolites as undesirable substances. Safety of food and fodders. 4) Specificity of cattle nutrition. The physical and physiological development of the digestive tract in calves – effect of fodder on development of the mucosa in the rumen and distal digestive tract parts. 5) Cattle diseases caused by feeding mistakes. Definition of the disease caused by feeding factors, prevalence, significance, clinical signs, diagnostics, treatment, prevention. 6) Nutrition diseases in horses. Specific character of digestion and nutrition of horses. Frequency of feeding and volume of the stomach and caecum. 7) Specific nutrition of pigs. The physical and physiological development of the digestive tract in pigs after birth- effect of fodder on the development of the digestive tract. 8) Feeding mistakes as a cause of exotic animals` diseases. The world trends in nutrition of wild animals in home conditions. 9) Fodder as an etiological factor in animal diseases. 10) Feeding mistakes as an etiological factor in animal diseases.
Bibliography: 1. Large Animal Internal Medicine. Bradford P. Smith red., Mosby - Year Book Inc., St Louis 1996
Learning outcomes: Knowledge: - knows etiopathogenesis of diseases in farm, wild and laboratory animals caused by feeding factors - learns methods of treating nad preventing such diseases - can identify feeding mistakes and independently carry out basic evaluation of fodder designed for individual animal species. - know particular dietary requirements of animals depending on their use - milk cattle, pigs, domestic animals, and animals of specific anatomic digestive tract structure - wild animals ( tortoises, snakes) and laboratory animals (guinea pigs, hamsters, etc.) Skills: - practical activities provided during the course enable students to learn basic methods of examining and evaluating fodders in veterinary practice, both in large and small farms - acquired knowledge allows identification of feeding mistakes in wild and laboratory animals, diagnosis of resulting diseases and therapy through their elimination. - able to recognize errors habits, and practically make yourself basic health assessment feed for each animal species Social competences: - having studied the legally binding regulations about feeding of animals and turnover of fodder , the students are prepared to work for Veterinary Inspectorate
Assessment methods and assessment criteria: The rating obtained for the classes of 50%, and an assessment of credit obtained for the lecteures.

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