PATHOMORPHOLOGY I

Course ID: MWW-SE>PATHOMO1
Course title: PATHOMORPHOLOGY I
Semester: 5 / Winter
ECTS: 6
Lectures/Classes: 45 / 45 hours
Field of study: Veterinary Medicine
Study cycle: 1st cycle
Type of course: compulsory
Prerequisites: Anatomy, histology, cell biology, biochemistry, physiology and pathophysiology.
Contact person: dr Rafał Ciaputa rafal.ciaputa@upwr.edu.pl
Short description: The purpose of education is to provide students with knowledge about the regressive changes, circulatory disorders, pathology of various inflammatory processes of progressive change, morphological pathology of cancer and diseases of various systems and organs of the body and diseases of pets. Subject of the present technique autopsy rules for sampling and securing material for histopathological, microbiological, toxicological and serological tests, and also indicates the ability to use the knowledge in the diagnosis of diseases, including infectious diseases.
Full description: Retrogressive (Metamorphoses regressivae). Atrophy (atrophia). Degeneration (degeneratio). Necrosis (necrosis): coagulative necrosis, necrolysis. Circulatory disturbances (perturbationes circulatoriae sanquinis): congestion active, passive congestion, congestion steps-passive.Polycythemia, ischemia, anemia, hemorrhage, shock, and clot blood clot, embolism, heart attack, swelling. Inflammation (inflammatio): inflammation of the serous, catarrhal inflammation, inflammation of the fibrinous, purulent inflammation, hemorrhagic inflammation, ichor inflammation, damaging inflammation. Inflammation generation, granulomatous inflammation (tuberculosis, actinomycosis, sandbox). Progressive changes (Metamorphoses progressivae). Wound healing. Hypertrophy and hyperplasia, metaplasia, and dysplasia. Benign and malignant tumours. Developmental disorders. Pathology of the circulatory system. Heart malformations. Pathology of the pericardium and endocarditis. Pathology of the circulatory system. Primary and secondary cardiomyopathies. Vascular pathologies (degeneration, inflammation, changes in the circulation). Neoplasms of the heart and vessels. Pathology of the respiratory system. Pathology of the nasal cavity, sinuses and larynx. Bronchi (changes in light and inflammation). Emphysema, atelectasis and pulmonary edema. Inflammatory and granulomatous inflammation of the lungs. Fungal infections and lung cancer. Pathology of the pleura and mediastinum. Nephropathy, vascular and tubular. Glomerular nephropathy.. Inflammation and kidney tumors.. Pathology of the urinary tract (kidney, inflammation, tumors). Pathology of the reproductive system of male and female, as well as the mammary gland. Pathology of muscles, bones and joints. The pathology of the skin. Developmental defects, inflammatory diseases, parasitic. Skin cancer. Pathology of endocrine glands. Pathology of the lymphatic system. The pathology of the nervous system. The pathology of the digestive tract. The oral cavity, salivary glands, tonsils, throat and esophagus. Pathology forestomachs in ruminants and monogastric animals stomach.. The pathology of the intestine and pancreas. Liver pathology. Degeneration. Pigmentation changes. Dystrophic changes and necrosis. Circulatory disturbances. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation. Specific inflammation. Cancer. Changes parasitic. Fundamentals of cytological diagnosis. Cytodiagnostics tumours and non-neoplastic changes. Discussion of the room and tools autopsy. A discussion of the characteristics of death. Technique section. The rules of writing the protocol section. Pathology of selected diseases of pigs, ruminants, cats, dogs, horses and rabbits.
Bibliography: 1. “Pathologic basis of veterinary disease.” M. Donald McGavin, James F. Zachary, Mosby Elsevier, 2012. 2. “Veterinary pathology” T. C. Jones, R. D. Hunt, N. W. King
Learning outcomes: Knowledge: - properly defines and describes the micro-and macroscopic lesions - explains the cause-and-effect relationships between observed patomorphological changes, and factors causing them - describes the intravital symptoms that corresponded to the observed postmortal changes - specifies the pathogenesis and cause of death based on autopsy study. Evaluates the need for any additional tests that may complete the diagnosis Skills: - properly performed the autopsy of animals and samples and saves material for additional studies (microbiological, histopathological, toxicological, etc.) - protects (fixes and describes) the material for histopathological examination - performs cytological preparations. After seeing specimen, can make a initial diagnosis Social competences: - performs an autopsy and determines the need to perform additional tests (cyto-and histopathology) of tissues and organs to complete the diagnosis
Assessment methods and assessment criteria: Pathomorphology I: 50% lectures and 50% laboratories I (evaluation of knowledge gained from lectures and the current laboratories).

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