BIOMASS UTILIZATION PROCESSES

Course ID: POZ-SE>BIOCESS
Course title: BIOMASS UTILIZATION PROCESSES
Semester: 5 / Winter
ECTS: 3
Lectures/Classes: 30 / 15 hours
Field of study: Renewable Energy Sources and Waste Management
Study cycle: 1st cycle
Type of course: optional
Prerequisites: Basic knowledge in chemistry, physics and thermodynamics
Contact person: Arkadiusz Dyjakon arkadiusz.dyjakon@upwr.edu.pl
Short description: Biomass as a renewable fuel. Biomass characteristics and properties. Preparation of biomass for energetic applications. Technologies of the biomass utilization for energetic purposes. Biomass combustion and co-combustion in the energetic devices/systems. Biomass utilization for heat and electricity production in the power engineering. Torrefaction, pyrolysis and gasification techniques. Exploitation, environmental, legislative and economic issues during biomass utilization, as a energetic fuel.
Full description: Biomass as an renewable energy source. Requirements and obligations towards EU. Biomass market and its role in the agricultural industry, potential and resources. Types of biomass and its properties (ultimate and proximate analysis, HHV, LHV, moisture content, volatile matter, ash content, ash melting temperature, ash oxide analysis etc.). Characteristics and conversion possibilities of biomass. Technologies of biomass compaction (pelletization, briquetting, baling etc.). Biomass transportation and storage. Combustion and energy production from biomass in the furnaces and low capacity boilers (solutions review). Energy production from biomass in the medium capacity boilers (solutions review). Energy production from biomass in the commercial power engineering (solutions review). Exploitation problems caused by biomass utilization (biomass grinding, milling and feeding, corrosion, slagging, fouling). Biomass torrefaction and product characterization. Biomass pyrolysis and gasification. Biomass utilization and environment protection (advantages and disadvantages). Law aspects and economic issues related to biomass utilization for energetic purposes (case study). Innovative solutions related to the conversion and application of biomass in energy market.
Bibliography: Compulsory: 1. Sjaak van Loo, Jaap Koppejan: The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-firing, Routledge, 2012 2. Panagiotis Grammelis: Solid Biofuels for Energy: A Lower Greenhouse Gas Alternative (Green Energy and Technology), Springer, 2010 3. Veena Doshi: Investigation in Ash Issues during Co-combustion of Coal and Biomass: Development of a Co-firing Advisory Tool, VDM Verlag, 2010 4. Erik Dahlquist: Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy (Sustainable Energy Developments), CRC Press, 2013 5. Gerold Thek, Ingwald Obernberger: The Pellet Handbook: The Production and Thermal Utilization of Biomass Pellets: The Production and Thermal Utilisation of Pellets, Routledge, 2010 Complementary: 1. Sarah Hemstock, Frank Rosillo-Calle, Peter de Groot, Jeremy Woods: The Biomass Assessment Handbook: Bioenergy for a Sustainable Environment, Routledge, 2006 2. Rosendahl L.: Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering, Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy No. 40, 2013 3. Hubert E. Stassen, Peter Quaak, Harrie Knoef: Energy from Biomass - A Review of Combustion and Gasification Technologies, World Bank Publications, 1999 4. Spliethoff H.: Power Generation from Solid Fuels, Springer, 2010 5. Martin von Lampe: Bioheat, Biopower and Biogas - developments and implications for agriculture, OECD, 2010
Learning outcomes: Learning outcomes: In terms of knowledge: He has knowledge in biofuels and biomass processes, including waste biomass from agricultural and animal. He has a general knowledge of systems, technologies, techniques, equipment and tools used in the production of energy from renewable sources. In terms of skills: Can obtain information from literature, databases and other sources, is able to integrate the information, make their interpretation, as well as draw conclusions and formulate and justify opinions. Can using basic technologies to acquire and process information in the field of renewable energy and waste management. He can solve based on the standard of production, technical and operational problems in the field of waste management and renewable energy sources, taking into account the requirements for care of the environment. Can under supervision perform simple tasks, research and design in the area of waste management and renewable energy sources. In terms of social competences: Understands the need to know the capabilities and continuous training (studies II and III degree, postgraduate courses) - raising professional competence, personal and social. Is aware of the importance, responsibility and consequences of engineering activities towards renewable energy sources and waste management in terms of responsibility for the quality of life for people and the environment. Is aware of the responsibility for his/her own work and is ready to follow the rules of a team work and consequences related to the common realized task.
Assessment methods and assessment criteria: Grade obtained at classes (50%) + grade obtained at lectures (50%)

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