GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING

Course ID: PRO-SE>GENBREED
Course title: GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING
Semester: 3 / Winter
ECTS: 4
Lectures/Classes: 15 / 30 hours
Field of study: Agriculture
Study cycle: 1st cycle
Type of course: compulsory
Prerequisites:
Contact person: dr inż. Sylwia Lewandowska sylwia.lewandowska@upwr.edu.pl
Short description: During the course a student learns the issues related to plant breeding, breeding methods and conventional varieties and hybrids. The student gains knowledge connected with the use of mutations and distant hybrids and vegetative propagated plants. The student learns the issues of genetics and the use of modern biotechnological methods in breeding of agricultural and horticultural plants.
Full description: Inheritance of qualitative traits, interaction of genes, linkage of genes. The inheritance of quantitative traits, genetics of population. Cytological basis of inheritance, cytoplasmic inheritance. Molecular basis of inheritance. Mutations in plants. Biotechnological methods in genetics and plant breeding, molecular markers, genetically modified organisms (GMO). In vitro methods in breeding and seeding of horticultural plants. Definition of plant breeding and biological progress. Methods of plant crossing. Theoretical basis of heterosis and the use of the effect in plant breeding. Methods of self-pollinated and open-pollinated plant breeding. Mutation breeding. Poliploids breeding. The basis of resistance breeding. Aims and directions of horticultural plant breeding. The rules of registration and legal protection of varieties. Production of seed materials of gardening plants
Bibliography: Literature, recommended books: Plants, 2002. By (author) Irene Ridge Genetics: A Molecular Approach, 1992. By (author) Terry A. Brown Molecular Genetics of Plant Development, 1998. By (author) Stephen H. Howell Plant Biotechnology. The Genetic Manipulation of Plants 2003. By (author) Adrian Slater, Nigel Scott, Mark Fowler Genetics in the Wild, 2002. By (author) John C. Avise, Trudy Nicholson. Concepts of genetics, 2006. By (author) Klug W.S., Cummings M.R., Spencer C.A. Genetics: A Conceptual Approach, 2013. By (author) Benjamin A. Pierce Student Solutions Manual for Genetics, 2014. By (author) Benjamin A. Pierce Transmission and Population Genetics, 2011. By (author) University Benjamin A Pierce The Family Genetic Sourcebook, 1990. By (author) Benjamin A. Pierce Fundamentals of Plant Breeding and Hybrid Seed Production, 1998. By (author) Rattan Lal Agrawal Genetics: A Conceptual Approach, 2008. By (author) Benjamin A. Pierce Biotechnology: Academic Cell Update Edition, 2011. By (author) David P. Clark , Nanette Jean Pazdernik Biotechnology for Beginners, 2007. By (author) Reinhard Renneberg, Arnold L. Demain Basic Biotechnology, 2006. By (author) Colin Ratledge, Bjorn Kristiansen Molecular Biotechnology: Principles and Applications of Recombinant DNA, 2010. By (author) Bernard R. Glick, Jack J. Pasternak , Cheryl L. Patten Plant Biotechnology: The genetic manipulation of plants, 2008. By (author) Adrian Slater, Nigel Scott , Mark Fowler Beyond Biotechnology: The Barren Promise of Genetic Engineering, 2010. By (author) Craig Holdrege, Steve Talbott Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Markers, 2014. By (author) S. Srivastava, A. Narula Molecular Markers and Genetic Diversity, 2012. By (author) Vaseem Raja Plant Tissue Culture and Molecular Markers: Their Role in Improving Crop Productivity, 2009. By (author) Ashwani Kumar, N.S. Shekhawat Molecular Markers and Plant Biotechnology, 2010. By (author) Rukam S. Tomar The Principles of Plant Breeding, 1960. By (author) Allard Plant Breeding and Seed Science. The Journal of Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute – National Research Institute Breeding, Biotechnology and Seed Production of Field Crops, 2013. By (author) Bidhan Roy Seed Selection and Plant Breeding with Information on Propagation, Heredity and Mendelism, 2011. By (author) Arthur D. Cromwell Productive Plant Husbandry - Including Plant Propagation, Plant Breeding, Soils, Field Crops, Gardening, Fruit Growing, Forestry, Insects, Plant Diseases and Farm Management, 2012. By (author) Kary Cadmus Davis Breed Your Own Vegetable Varieties : The Gardener's and Farmers Guide to Plant Breeding and Seed Saving, 2000. By (author) Carol Deppe Wheat Production in Stressed Environments : Proceedings of the 7th International Wheat Conference, 27 November - 2 December 2005, Mar del Plata, Argentina, published in 2007. By (author) Hilda T. Buck , Jorge E. Nisi, Nelly Salomo Domestication of Plants in the Old World : The origin and spread of domesticated plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean Basin, 2013. By (author) Daniel Zohary, Maria Hopf, Ehud Weiss Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Grain Legumes Volume 1: Advances in Breeding and Cultivation Techniques, 2018. By (author): Dr. Shoba Sivasankar, Dr. Enrique Troyo-Dieguez, Paula Bramel, Dr. Pooja Bhatnagar, Dr. Michel Ghanem, Dr. Diego Rubiales, Dr. Bodo Raatz, Dr. Jean Claude Rubyogo, Prof. Irvin Widders, Kadambot Siddique Seed Production: Principles and Practices, 1999. By (author) Miller F. McDonald, Lawrence O. Copeland Agricultural Seed Production, 2012. By (author) Raymond A. T. George Seed Production of Field Crops, 2009. By (author) S. S. Mondal Recommended links: http://www.icar.org.in/files/mGen.pdf http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/Newsletters/PBG-NL-27.pdf Youtube presentations: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bVk0twJYL6Y https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B_PQ8qYtUL0 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWqgZUnJdAY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8zjkTVHgPA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UB6Upeo-HDE
Learning outcomes: The participant of the course will know modern methods used in genetics and plant breeding, will be able to explain a meaning of biological progress in horticultural and gardening production, to define the purpose and principles of plant breeding, basic breeding programs used in vegetable, fruit and ornamental species. A student will know a meaning of resistance breeding as a method of environmental protection and will be able to explain some benefits and risks of plants’ transformation. Student acquires the theoretical and practical knowledge connected with biology, genetics, plant breeding, global agriculture. Student acquires the ability to define basic genetic processes occurring in the cell, organism and population. The participant of the course will know methods of selection for improving self-pollinated and cross-pollinated crops, methods of breeding hybrid cultivars, mutation breeding, breeding for resistance to diseases and abiotic stresses, breeding for quality traits, biotechnology in breeding horticultural plants. Ending the subject gives the student possibility of further education in such fields like: biotechnology, molecular genetics and genetic engineering. The knowledge of basic molecular genetic methods gives the student a chance to find a job in biotechnological or tissue laboratories, research institutes, plant breeding or other units of the broader agricultural production.
Assessment methods and assessment criteria: - oral discussion - current activity during the classes - one tests during the tutorials/classes Evaluation based on given tasks The student is prepared well for the classes, having all the necessary equipment (laboratory glasses, apron and gloves) in order to prepare some experiments - a student knows all the safety rules connected with the work in laboratory

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