PLANT BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION

Course ID: PRO-SE>PLBREPROD
Course title: PLANT BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION
Semester: 4 / Spring
ECTS: 4
Lectures/Classes: 15 / 15 hours
Field of study: Agriculture
Study cycle: 1st cycle
Type of course: compulsory
Prerequisites:
Contact person: dr inż. Sylwia Lewandowska sylwia.lewandowska@upwr.edu.pl
Short description: Ending the subject gives the student possibility to work in the broad area of horticultural and agricultural production. Knowledge of the relationship between types of varieties and the possibility of their reproduction, basic rules of law concerning possession of varieties and the reproduction of seed material, gives the student opportunity to work and further expansion in plant breeding, seed companies, biotechnological laboratories or seed inspection. The student may find occupation in station of variety evaluation or agricultural institutes.
Full description: Definition of plant breeding and the meaning of biological progress in seed production. History and Polish achievements of plant breeding. The meaning of genetic variability in plant breeding and methods of its expansion. The use of different genetic mechanisms in plant crossing. The use of biotechnological methods, molecular markers, tissue cultures, transgenesis in plant breeding and seed production. Heterosis breeding of agricultural and vegetable plants. Breeding of self-pollinated and open-pollinated plants. Aims and directions of agricultural plant breeding. The meaning of plant breeding for resistance. Mutation, polyploids and proliferating breeding, The meaning of resistance breeding. Conservation breeding varieties. New cultivated plants and preservation of genetic resources. Definition of variety and its types. Regulations concerning the estimation and variety registration, legal protection of domestic, international and European Union varieties. Production of seed material and its improvement.
Bibliography: Literature, recommended books: Genetics : A Conceptual Approach, 2013. By (author) Benjamin A. Pierce Student Solutions Manual for Genetics, 2014. By (author) Benjamin A. Pierce Transmission and Population Genetics, 2011. By (author) University Benjamin A Pierce The Family Genetic Sourcebook, 1990. By (author) Benjamin A. Pierce Fundamentals of Plant Breeding and Hybrid Seed Production, 1998. By (author) Rattan Lal Agrawal Genetics: A Conceptual Approach, 2008. By (author) Benjamin A. Pierce Biotechnology: Academic Cell Update Edition, 2011. By (author) David P. Clark, Nanette Jean Pazdernik Biotechnology for Beginners, 2007. By (author) Reinhard Renneberg , Arnold L. Demain Basic Biotechnology, 2006. By (author) Colin Ratledge, Bjorn Kristiansen Molecular Biotechnology: Principles and Applications of Recombinant DNA, 2010. By (author) Bernard R. Glick, Jack J. Pasternak , Cheryl L. Patten Plant Biotechnology: The genetic manipulation of plants, 2008. By (author) Adrian Slater, Nigel Scott , Mark Fowler Beyond Biotechnology: The Barren Promise of Genetic Engineering, 2010. By (author) Craig Holdrege, Steve Talbott Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Markers, 2014. By (author) S. Srivastava, A. Narula Molecular Markers and Genetic Diversity, 2012. By (author) Vaseem Raja Plant Tissue Culture and Molecular Markers: Their Role in Improving Crop Productivity, 2009. By (author) Ashwani Kumar, N.S. Shekhawat Molecular Markers and Plant Biotechnology, 2010. By (author) Rukam S. Tomar The Principles of Plant Breeding, 1960. By (author) Allard Plant Breeding and Seed Science. The Journal of Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute – National Research Institute Breeding, Biotechnology and Seed Production of Field Crops, 2013. By (author) Bidhan Roy Seed Selection and Plant Breeding with Information on Propagation, Heredity and Mendelism, 2011. By (author) Arthur D. Cromwell Productive Plant Husbandry - Including Plant Propagation, Plant Breeding, Soils, Field Crops, Gardening, Fruit Growing, Forestry, Insects, Plant Diseases and Farm Management, 2012. By (author) Kary Cadmus Davis Breed Your Own Vegetable Varieties : The Gardener's and Farmers Guide to Plant Breeding and Seed Saving, 2000. By (author) Carol Deppe Wheat Production in Stressed Environments : Proceedings of the 7th International Wheat Conference, 27 November - 2 December 2005, Mar del Plata, Argentina, published in 2007. By (author) Hilda T. Buck , Jorge E. Nisi, Nelly Salomo Domestication of Plants in the Old World : The origin and spread of domesticated plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean Basin, 2013. By (author) Daniel Zohary, Maria Hopf, Ehud Weiss Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Grain Legumes Volume 1 : Advances in Breeding and Cultivation Techniques, 2018. By (author): Dr. Shoba Sivasankar, Dr. Enrique Troyo-Dieguez, Paula Bramel, Dr. Pooja Bhatnagar, Dr. Michel Ghanem, Dr. Diego Rubiales, Dr. Bodo Raatz, Dr. Jean Claude Rubyogo, Prof. Irvin Widders , Kadambot Siddique Vegetable Seed Production, 2013. By (author) Raymond A. T. George Seed Production: Principles and Practices, 1999. By (author) Miller F. McDonald, Lawrence O. Copeland Agricultural Seed Production, 2012. By (author) Raymond A. T. George Farmers' Seed Production : New approaches and practices, 2000. By (author) Conny Almekinders, Niels Louwaar Seed Production of Field Crops, 2009. By (author) S. S. Mondal Recommended links: http://books.google.dk/books/about/Plant_Breeding.html?id=M-X_Jc0pW5kC&redir_esc=y http://books.google.dk/books/about/Plant_Breeding.html?id=M-X_Jc0pW5kC&redir_esc=y
Learning outcomes: The student knows the basic techniques used in genetics and practical plant breeding. The participant can describe characteristics of the varieties and seed material. The person understands basic processes leading to genetic variability. The student can define the role of variety, what affects the size, quality and yield stability. The participant understands dependences between kinds of varieties and the possibility of their reproduction. The student knows basic rules of law concerning varieties possession and seed reproduction. The student is able to acquire information from literature, databases, to connect, interpret and draw accurate conclusions. The student has the ability to select appropriate varieties resistant to pathogens and pests, can determine the necessity of crop protection treatments. It has the ability to choose from a variety in order to plan appropriate technology, which will enable to achieve the best production results with particular emphasis on the quality of the final product. It is aware of further education in the field of new methods of breeding varieties, analyze experimental results of varietal and understands the need for learning throughout life in order to improve the skills acquired during their studies. The student is responsible for his own work and teamwork, can work in a group. The student is aware of professional ethics and professional practice of his or her profession. The student understands the need for further training and improving professional competence and social.
Assessment methods and assessment criteria: Oral discussion The sufficient knowledge to pass is 60%. The final mark consists of 50% class credits and 50% exam credits. Final test Individual work, class participation.

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