||Modern seed production cannot exist without high quality seed. New varieties are a cheap source of production causing the increase of crop yields without any danger to environment. Seed Production, as a science, is responsible for developing of methods to obtain seeds with the highest quality parameters, such as germination, health, and above all, the field's ability to emergence. During the course the student will learn about plant breeding, seed production and biological progress; formation, structure and types of seeds and seedlings; seed maturation; field qualification of seed material; seed reproduction; laboratory control of seed material; seed categories according to the European Union requirements; seed germination; types of seedlings; assessed of seedling morphology; vigor of seeds; improving of seed material; aging process of seeds; dormancy of seeds; seed storage, biochemical methods; pathogens and pests in stored seed mass; elements of biotechnology of genetic engineering in seed production; legal regulations; the Seed Act; organization and functioning of the seed industry in Poland and in the world; legal regulations regarding registration, ownership of varieties and reproduction of seed material. The acquired knowledge will allow the student in the future to take up an attractive job on the European market in breeding and seed companies.
||Literature, recommended books: Seeds in Emergencies: A Technical Handbook, 2011. By (author) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Seed Production of Field Crops, 2009. By (author) S. S. Mondal. Organic Seed Production and Saving: The Wisdom of Plant Heritage, 2011. By (author) Bryan Connolly. The Lean Farm Guide to Growing Vegetables: In-Depth Techniques for Efficient Organic Production, from Seed to Market, 2017. By (author) Ben Hartman. Seed Libraries: And Other Means of Keeping Seeds in the Hands of the People, 2015. By (author) Cindy Conner. Fundamentals of Plant Breeding and Hybrid Seed Production, 1998. By (author) Rattan Lal Agrawal The Principles of Plant Breeding, 1960. By (author) Allard Plant Breeding and Seed Science. The Journal of Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute – National Research Institute Breeding, Biotechnology and Seed Production of Field Crops, 2013. By (author) Bidhan Roy Seed Selection and Plant Breeding with Information on Propagation, Heredity and Mendelism, 2011. By (author) Arthur D. Cromwell Breed Your Own Vegetable Varieties: The Gardener's and Farmers Guide to Plant Breeding and Seed Saving, 2000. By (author) Carol Deppe Wheat Production in Stressed Environments: Proceedings of the 7th International Wheat Conference, 27 November - 2 December 2005, Mar del Plata, Argentina, published in 2007. By (author) Hilda T. Buck, Jorge E. Nisi, Nelly Salomo Domestication of Plants in the Old World: The origin and spread of domesticated plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean Basin, 2013. By (author) Daniel Zohary, Maria Hopf, Ehud Weiss Achieving Sustainable Cultivation of Grain Legumes Volume 1: Advances in Breeding and Cultivation Techniques, 2018. By (author): Dr. Shoba Sivasankar, Dr. Enrique Troyo-Dieguez, Paula Bramel, Dr. Pooja Bhatnagar, Dr. Michel Ghanem, Dr. Diego Rubiales, Dr. Bodo Raatz, Dr. Jean Claude Rubyogo, Prof. Irvin Widders , Kadambot Siddique Vegetable Seed Production, 2013. By (author) Raymond A. T. George Seed Production: Principles and Practices, 1999. By (author) Miller F. McDonald, Lawrence O. Copeland Agricultural Seed Production, 2012. By (author) Raymond A. T. George Farmers' Seed Production: New approaches and practices, 2000. By (author) Conny Almekinders, Niels Louwaar Seed Production of Field Crops, 2009. By (author) S. S. Mondal Recommended links: http://books.google.dk/books/about/Plant_Breeding.html?id=M-X_Jc0pW5kC&redir_esc=y http://books.google.dk/books/about/Plant_Breeding.html?id=M-X_Jc0pW5kC&redir_esc=y
||The student has basic knowledge and techniques in range of plant breeding methods and seed production of agricultural and horticultural crops. A student understands the differences between seed production of conventional and organic farming system. A member of the course knows the differences in seeds structures, understands aging processes of seeds and knows methods of seeds reproduction. A student is able to acquire and properly interpret information from literature and other sources about seed production, understands the differences between the production of seed material in a conventional and ecological system, can recognize the seeds of various crops. The student is able to interpret the benefits resulting from the use of certified seed material, understands the difficulties occurring during the seed production process, understands the aim of improving seed material, can interpret ISTA regulations. The participant of the course knows and respects the rules applicable in the seed assessment laboratory. A student understands the necessity of cooperation in a student’s group in order to distinguish seed material of different crops. A student understands the economic problems connected with the higher price of certified seed material. A student understands the need to take care of the quality and condition of the laboratory equipment and understands the principles of safety work in the seed assessment laboratory, has an awareness of responsibility for the state of the environment and biodiversity of cultivated crops.